Landlord's Guide to Tackling Damp, Mould, and Condensation in Rental Properties

Published: 31/10/2023

As we head into the autumn and winter seasons, landlords must be well-prepared to combat the notorious trio of issues that often plague rental properties: dampness, mould, and condensation. These problems tend to rear their ugly heads during the colder months, making it essential for landlords to understand their responsibilities, the potential consequences, and effective prevention strategies.

This blog will explain these crucial aspects of managing your rental property effectively.

Identifying the Telltale Signs
Before delving into the nitty-gritty of your responsibilities, it's crucial to recognise the signs of damp, mould, and condensation. These issues can manifest in various ways, from unpleasant odours and unsightly stains to peeling paint and visible mould growth on walls or ceilings. Knowing what to look for is the first step in addressing these problems.

Understanding Your Responsibilities
  1. Your Duties as a Landlord: According to the Homes (Fitness for Habitation) Act 2018, you are responsible for ensuring that the property is in a good and safe condition at the beginning of the tenancy and throughout its duration. Moreover, you must take steps to minimise risks related to hazards outlined in the Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS), including damp and mould.
  2. Types of Damp:
  • Rising Damp: Water seeping up from the ground can affect the lower parts of a property. Installation of a damp-proof course is usually the remedy, protecting the property for several decades.
  • Penetrating Damp: This type of damp can result from external water infiltration (e.g., damaged brickwork or roof issues) or internal leaks. Damp patches on walls or ceilings are telltale signs. Consult a builder to address the problem and repair any damage.
  • Condensation: Often confused with damp, condensation occurs when warm air meets cold surfaces or when excessive humidity accumulates in a property. It typically appears as moisture on windows, walls, and ceilings, eventually developing into mildew and mould. Common causes include inadequate ventilation, malfunctioning heating systems, and tenant behaviour.

The Consequences of Neglecting Mould
Failing to promptly address mould issues can have severe repercussions for tenants and landlords. For tenants, especially those with respiratory conditions, mould can be harmful. For landlords, consequences range from fines to criminal charges. If tenants report the problem to the local council, you might receive an improvement notice, with penalties of up to £30,000 possible. In more severe cases, you could be added to the national 'rogues database' and face a banning order.

Alternatively, tenants may take legal action against you, applying for an injunction to compel repairs and seeking financial compensation. In any case, timely action is imperative.

Responsibilities: Landlords and Tenants
  • Landlord Responsibilities:
    • Ensure no signs of damp at the start of the tenancy.
    • Provide ventilation in moisture-prone rooms, ideally installing extractor fans where windows are absent.
    • Advise tenants on potential condensation issues and proper ventilation.
    • Address damp and mould issues promptly, even if tenant actions contribute to the problem.
  • Tenant Responsibilities:
    • Wipe down window frames and sills to prevent condensation.
    • Ventilate moisture-prone rooms using extractor fans or opening windows.
    • Report any property condition issues to the landlord or property management.
Charging Tenants for Damp Issues
In cases where tenants' negligence causes leaks or damp (e.g., overflowing a bath or damaging plumbing fittings), you may retain repair costs from their deposit or request reimbursement. For minor issues like mildew or surface mould, proving fault can be challenging. However, if your insurance policy covers it, significant costs may be claimed under accidental or malicious damage.

Preventative Measures
Since it's your responsibility to prevent damp and mould problems, consider these measures:
  • Install a ventilation system to circulate fresh air throughout the property.
  • Use anti-mould paint in kitchens and bathrooms or properties with a high risk of condensation.
  • Educate tenants about condensation issues and their role in maintaining the property.
  • Provide tenants with anti-mould spray for minor issues.
  • Conduct periodic property inspections every 6-12 months to identify problems early.

Lastly, remember that local authorities may inspect your property, especially if it's licensed or registered. Complying with regulations and ensuring your property remains in good condition are your best defenses against potential issues.

Circa London 
Property Management can handle inspections and quick resolution of damp and mould problems. Your property's condition and tenants' well-being depend on your proactive approach to these common issues. Contact us today if you are interested in our fully managed property service
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